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Lab 14 & 15: Pectoral Girdle and Upper Limb,
Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limb

PURPOSE:
To examine the bones of the pectoral girdle and upper limbs and to identify the major features of these parts. To examine the bones of the pelvic girdle and lower limbs and to identify the major features of these parts.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:
1. Locate and identify the bones of the pectoral girdle and their major features
2. Locate and identify the bones of the upper limbs and their major features
3. Locate and identify the bones of the pelvic girdle and their major features
4. Locate and identify the bones of the lower limbs and their major features

PROCEDURE A: PECTORAL GIRDLE
1. Review Cpt 6 pages 150-151, and the Skeleton Outline page

2. Print out images 14.1 and 14.2 (below), paste into your NoteBook and Label

3. Examine the bones of the pectoral girdle and locate the following parts and features. At the same time, locate as many of the corresponding parts and features in your own skeleton as possible: Clavicle; Scapula, spine, acromion process, coracoid process, glenoid fossa

4. Complete parts A (Pectoral Girdle) of the Lab Handout

PROCEDURE B: UPPER LIMB
1. Review Cpt 6 pages 151-153, and the Skeleton Outline page

2. Print out images 14.3 - 14.5 (below), paste into your NoteBook and Label

3. Examine the bones of the upper limb and locate the following parts and features: Humerus, head, greater tubercle, lesser tubercle, deltoid tuberosity, medial and lateral epicondyles, olecranon fossa; Radius, head, radial tuberosity, styloid process; Ulna, olecranon, styloid process; Hand, carpal bones, metacarpals, phalanges (distal, middle, proximal)

4. Complete Part B & label X-Rays images

5. List the structures found on the bones of the pectoral girdle and arm (those listed above, italicized) and describe their individual functions; ie. specific articulation or muscle attachments

PROCEDURE C: PELVIC GIRDLE
1. Review Cpt 6 pages 153-155, and the Skeleton Outline page

2. Print out images 15.1 (below), paste into your NoteBook and Label

3. Examine the bones of the pelvic girdle and locate the following parts and features. At the same time, locate as many of the corresponding parts and features in your own skeleton as possible: Coxal bone, acetabulum, ilium, iliac crest, sacroiliac joint, ischium, pubis, pubis symphysis, pubic arch

4. Complete parts C (Pelvic girdle) of the Lab Handout

PROCEDURE D: LOWER LIMB
1. Review Cpt 5 pages 155-156, and the Skeleton Outline page

2. Print out images 15.2 - 15.4 (below), paste into your NoteBook and Label

3. Examine the bones of the lower limb and locate the following parts and features: Femur, head, fovea capitis, neck, greater trochanter, lesser trochanter, lateral condyle, medial condyle; Patella; Tibia, Tibial plateau, tibial tuberosity, medial malleolus; Fibula, head, lateral malleolus; Foot, tarsal bones, metatarsals, phalanges (distal, middle, proximal), calcaneus

4. Complete Part D & label X-Rays images

5. List the structures found on the bones of the pelvic girdle and leg (those listed above, italicized) and describe their individual functions; ie. specific articulation or muscle attachments

PROCEDURE E: PRACTICE PRACTICAL
1. Examine the specimens provided and identify the labels by listing them in your lab book

2. As you complete the lab, Review the "Lab Objectives" from the handout and write a synopsis of the lab addressing the four objectives.